I recognize individuals who are at risk for under-treatment of their pain or populations where care disparities exist.
- I can explain factors associated with under-treatment of pain in my community and practice setting (e.g. socially isolated individuals, cognitively impaired, people with communication difficulties; people with barriers to accessing care such as low education levels, financial barriers, transportation barriers, physical barriers, neonates, children, Indigenous, LGBTQ2S, mental health, other marginalized groups)
- I use the measures available to assess and manage pain in neonates, children, adolescents, adults, and older adults with communication barriers
- I advocate for individuals who are at-risk for under-treatment of their pain
Pain: a textbook for health professionals 2e by van Griensven, Strong, Unruh
Pain in elderly people with severe dementia: A systematic review of behavioural pain assessment tools. Zwakhalen SMG, Hamers JPH, Abu-Saad HH, Berger MPF.
Preliminary validation of an observational pain checklist for persons with cognitive impairments and inability to communicate verbally. Breau LM, McGrath PJ, Camfield C, Rosmus C, Finley GA.
Pain in persons who are marginalized by social conditions. Craig KD, Holmes C, Hudspith M, Moor G, Moosa-Mitha M, Varcoe C, Wallace B.
Towards health equity for people experiencing chronic pain and social marginalization. Wallace B, Varcoe C, Holmes C, Moosa-Mitha M, Moor G, Hudspith M, Craig KD.
Practice guidelines for assessing pain in older persons with dementia residing in long-term care facilities. Hadjistavropoulos T, Fitzgerald TD, Marchildon GP.
Pain Management in First Nations, Metis, Inuit People: Through the Lens of Culture, Society and Medicine – free webinar by Jonathan Bertram, MD
Understanding Whiplash and the Pain That Often Follows: A Podcast with David Walton
PSD Blog – One Size Fits No One: Measurement of Pain in Adolescents by Mike Sangster
This list is meant to provide you with some options. It is not meant to be fully comprehensive, nor should you feel like you need to access everything. Explore what works for your learning style and context